What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body is not able to produce or respond to the hormone insulin, which results in an abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated level of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is often discussed as type-1 and type-2.
Type-1 diabetes is the most severe because it requires insulin dependence. The body
believes that the pancreas and the insulin that it produces is a foreign entity and attacks it, so the insulins natural function is stopped. Type-1 is often called juvenile diabetes because it is most commonly discovered in childhood.
On the other hand, type-2 diabetes develops throughout life due to the pancreas not producing enough insulin. The body’s glucose levels are too high for the body to regulate them. Type-2 diabetes accounts for over 90% of all diabetes cases and can go undetected for many years.
Annually, it costs $245 billion to treat diabetes in America. According to the Diabetes Research Foundation, diabetes costs more lives than AIDS and breast cancer combined, claiming 1 American every 3 minutes.
Diabetes is a serious disease that affects many organs throughout the body, which can lead to complications. Diabetes can cause kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and the potential for nerve damage that leads to amputation. Knowing your risk factors is important in knowing how to prevent diabetes.
Type-2 diabetes can be caused by any number of factors. Your age, race, family history, and your lifestyle play a large role in your chances of developing type-2 diabetes.
Preventing Type-2 Diabetes
The good news is that, type-2 diabetes is completely preventable and can be caught in the early stages by making key lifestyle changes.
Choose healthy foods:
- Eat a mix of fruit and vegetables.
- Choose lean meats such as fish, chicken and turkey.
- Eat foods that have been baked, broiled of grilled instead of fried.
- Drink water instead of fruit juice or soda.
- Choose whole grain foods like oatmeal, whole wheat bread and barley.
Find ways to move everyday:
- Park a little farther away in the parking lot to sneak in little ways to move more.
- Wear comfortable shoes that make getting active easier.
- Enjoy a walk with friends of family around the park.
- Go for a swim with your loved ones.
- Make a fitness plan to walk for a certain amount of time each day.
What’s your Risk?
Want to know your risk for developing Type-2 Diabetes? Take the quiz here.
Schedule a yearly physical with one of our providers to discuss your risk for diabetes and how we can help prevent or manage your diabetes.